Thanks to all who responded. I will be trying this.
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From: Linux on 390 Port [mailto:LINUX-390@VM.M...] On Behalf Of Mauro Souza
Sent: Saturday, May 19, 2012 9:00 PM
To: LINUX-390@VM.M... Subject: Re: mac address problem
My script is called rclocal, is started on rc3 and rc5, and is the last script (symlinked as S99rclocal). It only have this inside:
ping -c1 -w 1 172.16.0.1
172.16.0.1 is the default gateway. This is a vswitch lan (VSADM), on Layer2, using Link Aggregation. All penguins wearing red hats on that network behaves as it should, but all green jacketed SUSE11 penguins don't... It may be the color...
And as promised, here's the ifcfg-eth0 file (no LLADDR on it, as suspected):
zlinx100:~ # cat /etc/sysconfig/network/ifcfg-eth0 BOOTPROTO='static'
NAME='OSA Express Network card (0.0.0900)'
2012/5/18 Alan Altmark <Alan_Altmark@us.i...>:
> On Thursday, 05/17/2012 at 12:17 EDT, "Levy, Alan"
>> We have a problem with a linux server that when we reboot it, it
> at least
>> 15 minutes to be able to ssh into.
>> It seems, from out network traces, that when the server reboots, it
> 2 mac
>> addresses in the arp tables on the firewall (one from before and one
>> after the reboot).
>> We cannot ping or ssh into the server after the reboot. Yesterday, we
>> it. The network group ran traces, captured packets, etc and we found
> that if we
>> pinged the network gateway address from this server, everything
>> Has anyone seen this before ?
> Switches (not hubs) have what is called a "filtering database". This
> database contains (MAC,port,VLAN) tuples. It is populated by the
> switch as it learns which end stations are plugged into which ports.
> This allows switches to avoid sending unicast ethernet frames to ports
> whose end stations don't care.
> How does it learn? It looks at the SOURCE MAC addresses on inbound
> frames. If a TARGET MAC address & VLAN is in its database, it will
> forward the frame to the correct port. If not, it is supposed to (if
> not administratively prevented from doing so) copy the frame to all
> ports. If a MAC moves to a different port, the switch will forward to
> the wrong port, until a frame comes into the new port. The frame that
> come in is usually the gratuitous ARP broadcast response ("grat-ARP")
> that IP stacks send when an interface is activated. It serves two
> purposes: (1) It populates/updates each neighbor's ARP cache, and (2)
> it updates the switch's filtering database. (Switches can be turned
> into expensive hubs by turning off learning mode entirely.)
> Database entries, like ARP caches, "age out" after a period of time.
> IEEE say 5 minutes should be the default.
> On a layer 3 (IP) VSWITCH, CP will issue the "grat ARPs" for each
> guest if there is an OSA failover. On a layer 2 (ETHERNET) VSWITCH,
> CP will remember the last grat-ARP the guest has sent for IPTIMEOUT minutes.
> WARNING WARNING: The IPTIMEOUT needs to be at least as large as the
> switch's forwarding entry "age out" setting. If the switch value is
> lower than IPTIMEOUT, then an OSA failover event will result in frames
> being sent to the bad OSA port since CP won't have any information to
> us on grat-ARPs (Unless the port went dark, in which case all of the
> forwarding entries related to that port should be purged.)
> You can see this happening when PING won't work until you "ping out"
> from the guest. The switch sees the MAC come in and updates its
> database. But if there hasn't been a failover event with mismatched
> timeout/age-out values, then I would look at the switch to see what's
> in its filtering database. If that looks ok, then I would get VSWITCH
> data traces. If that looks ok, then I suspect the physical switch of misbehavior.
> Alan Altmark
> Senior Managing z/VM and Linux Consultant IBM System Lab Services and
> Training ibm.com/systems/services/labservices
> office: 607.429.3323
> mobile; 607.321.7556
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